5 Interesting Facts about Canberra, Australia

January 11, 2024
5 Interesting Facts about Canberra, Australia


As the capital city of Australia, Canberra is more than just the political center. This guide explores five fascinating facts about Canberra, supported by academic and government references, offering a glimpse into the unique aspects that make this city special.

Designed Capital City

Academic Reference

Canberra stands out as one of the few planned capital cities globally. Influential American architect Walter Burley Griffin, in collaboration with his wife Marion Mahony Griffin, designed the city in 1912. The National Archives of Australia hold historical documents outlining the city’s design and planning.

Bush Capital with Abundant Green Spaces

Canberra is often referred to as the “Bush Capital” due to its extensive green spaces. Approximately half of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), where Canberra is located, is designated as nature reserves and parks.

Government Reference

The ACT Government’s Parks, Conservation and Lands provide detailed information about the numerous parks, reserves, and natural areas within Canberra.

Home to the Australian War Memorial

Canberra houses the Australian War Memorial, a significant national institution honoring the country’s military history. The memorial not only serves as a place of reflection but also features exhibits, commemorations, and educational programs.

Academic Reference

The Australian War Memorial Research Centre offers academic resources and archival information related to Australia’s military history and the exhibits at the memorial.

Lake Burley Griffin – Man-Made Water Feature

Lake Burley Griffin, at the heart of Canberra, is a man-made lake named after the city’s architect, Walter Burley Griffin. The lake not only enhances the city’s aesthetics but also serves as a recreational hub.

Government Reference

The National Capital Authority (NCA) oversees the development and maintenance of significant national assets, including Lake Burley Griffin, and provides valuable information on its history and management.

Floriade – Largest Flower Festival in the Southern Hemisphere

Every spring, Canberra hosts Floriade, the largest flower festival in the Southern Hemisphere. This vibrant event showcases intricate floral displays, attracting visitors from across Australia and the world.

Academic Reference

The Australian National University’s Centre for the Public Awareness of Science explores the cultural and scientific aspects of events like Floriade, examining their impact on the community.

Commonly Asked Questions

What is the significance of Canberra as the capital of Australia

Canberra was chosen as the capital to resolve the rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne. Its central location and carefully planned design made it a neutral choice for the nation’s capital.

Can tourists visit the Australian War Memorial

Yes, the Australian War Memorial is open to the public. Visitors can explore the various galleries, attend ceremonies, and learn about Australia’s military history.

How can I explore Canberra’s green spaces

Canberra offers an extensive network of walking and cycling trails that allow visitors to explore its green spaces. Additionally, guided tours are available for those seeking a deeper understanding of the city’s natural beauty.


Canberra, with its carefully planned layout, rich history, and vibrant cultural events, offers a multifaceted experience beyond its role as the political capital of Australia. These interesting facts showcase the city’s unique charm and the variety of experiences it has to offer.

Nicholas Carter
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Nicholas Carter

Nicholas Carter, the Country and Culture Correspondent, is a seasoned storyteller passionate about uncovering the vibrant tales and traditions that shape diverse nations. With a keen eye for cultural nuances, he shares immersive narratives that transport readers to the heart of different countries. His site is a captivating journey through history, customs, and scenic wonders, offering a unique perspective on global diversity.

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