Armenia Population

July 11, 2024

Introduction to Armenia’s Population

Armenia’s population has evolved through centuries of historical events, migrations, and cultural shifts. As of the latest data, Armenia’s population stands at approximately 3 million people. This guide explores the various aspects of Armenia’s population, including its composition, growth trends, and demographic challenges.

Demographic Overview

Population Size and Growth

Armenia’s population has experienced fluctuations over the years due to various factors, including emigration, economic conditions, and political changes. According to the National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia, the population is currently around 3 million people. The population growth rate has been relatively stable, although there are concerns about declining birth rates and increasing emigration.

Age Distribution

The age distribution in Armenia reflects a relatively young population, with a median age of around 35 years. The largest age group is those between 25 and 54 years old, constituting about 45% of the total population. However, there is also a significant portion of the population aged 65 and older, which highlights the challenges of an aging population.

Urban vs. Rural Population

Armenia’s population is primarily urban, with approximately 64% of people living in cities. Yerevan, the capital city, is home to about 35% of the country’s total population. Rural areas, although less populated, still play a crucial role in Armenia’s cultural and economic landscape.

Ethnic Composition

Armenia is predominantly inhabited by ethnic Armenians, who make up around 98% of the population. The country also has small minority communities, including Yazidis, Russians, Assyrians, and Kurds. These groups have contributed to the multicultural fabric of Armenian society.

Linguistic Diversity

The official language of Armenia is Armenian, which is spoken by the vast majority of the population. Armenian has its own unique script and is one of the oldest languages still in use today. Minority languages, such as Russian and Kurdish, are also spoken within their respective communities.

Religious Affiliation

Armenia is known for being the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion in 301 AD. The Armenian Apostolic Church is the predominant religious institution, with over 90% of the population identifying as adherents. There are also small communities of Catholics, Protestants, and other religious groups.

Fun and Interesting Facts about Armenia’s Population


The Armenian diaspora is one of the largest per capita in the world, with significant communities in Russia, the United States, France, and many other countries.

Apricot Nation

Armenians often refer to their country as the “Land of Apricots,” reflecting the fruit’s cultural and historical significance.

Chess Enthusiasts

Chess is a popular pastime in Armenia, and the country has produced many grandmasters. It is even taught as a compulsory subject in schools.

What is the current population of Armenia?

As of the latest data, Armenia’s population is approximately 3 million people.

What are the major ethnic groups in Armenia?

Armenia is predominantly inhabited by ethnic Armenians, who constitute around 98% of the population. Minority groups include Yazidis, Russians, Assyrians, and Kurds.

What is the official language of Armenia?

The official language of Armenia is Armenian, a unique and ancient language with its own script.

What is the median age of Armenia’s population?

The median age of Armenia’s population is around 35 years.

How much of Armenia’s population lives in urban areas?

Approximately 64% of Armenia’s population lives in urban areas, with the capital city Yerevan housing about 35% of the total population.

What is the predominant religion in Armenia?

The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity, specifically the Armenian Apostolic Church, which over 90% of the population adheres to.

How does the Armenian diaspora compare to the resident population?

The Armenian diaspora is significantly larger than the resident population, with millions of Armenians living abroad in countries like Russia, the United States, and France.

What are some demographic challenges facing Armenia?

Armenia faces demographic challenges such as declining birth rates, an aging population, and emigration.

What role does the Armenian Apostolic Church play in society?

The Armenian Apostolic Church plays a central role in Armenian society, influencing cultural, social, and national identity.

What are some unique cultural aspects of Armenia?

Armenia is known for its rich cultural heritage, including a strong tradition in the arts, chess, and a deep connection to apricots, often called the “Land of Apricots.”


Armenia’s population is a fascinating blend of historical depth, cultural richness, and modern challenges. From its predominantly Armenian ethnic makeup to the significant influence of its diaspora, the population dynamics of Armenia offer a unique perspective on this South Caucasian nation. Understanding these demographics is essential for appreciating Armenia’s place in the world and its future prospects.

Michael Hughes
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Michael Hughes

Michael Hughes, the Cityscape Chronicler, is a passionate urban enthusiast and storyteller with a knack for capturing the essence of city life. Through vivid narratives and captivating imagery, Michael shares the pulse, culture, and hidden tales of cities around the world. His site serves as a portal to the diverse and dynamic landscapes of urban environments.

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