List of Countries in Africa (Alphabetical Order)

May 22, 2024


Africa, the second-largest and second-most populous continent, is renowned for its diverse cultures, rich history, and vast natural resources. This guide provides a comprehensive list of countries in Africa in alphabetical order, enriched with interesting facts and commonly asked questions about the continent. All information is supported by academic and government references.

Overview of Africa

Africa is a continent of remarkable diversity, encompassing 54 internationally recognized countries. It stretches across a vast area of 30.37 million square kilometers (11.7 million square miles), making it the second-largest continent in the world. Africa is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

List of Countries in Africa (Alphabetical Order)

  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Botswana
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Eswatini (Swaziland)
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire)
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Rwanda
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Fun and Interesting Facts

  • Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with over 200 million people.
  • Algeria is the largest country in Africa by land area.
  • The Sahara Desert, the largest hot desert in the world, spans several countries in Northern Africa.
  • Madagascar is home to unique wildlife, including species that are not found anywhere else on Earth.
  • Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world, with human habitation dating back to prehistoric times.

Commonly Asked Questions

How many countries are there in Africa?

There are 54 internationally recognized countries in Africa.

What is the largest country in Africa by land area?

Algeria is the largest country in Africa by land area.

What is the smallest country in Africa by land area?

Seychelles is the smallest country in Africa by land area.

Which African country has the highest population?

Nigeria has the highest population in Africa, with over 200 million people.

What are the major languages spoken in Africa?

Major languages spoken in Africa include Arabic, English, French, Swahili, Hausa, and Portuguese, among many others.

What are some key economic activities in Africa?

Key economic activities in Africa include agriculture, mining, oil and gas production, tourism, and manufacturing.

How is the cultural diversity in Africa?

Africa is incredibly culturally diverse, with thousands of ethnic groups, languages, and cultural practices across the continent.

What is the significance of the Nile River?

The Nile River is the longest river in the world and has been a vital source of life and civilization for millennia in northeastern Africa.

Which African countries are known for their wildlife?

Countries known for their wildlife include Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia, famous for their national parks and safaris.

What is the relationship between Africa and the African Union?

The African Union (AU) is a continental organization consisting of 55 member states, established to promote unity, peace, and development across Africa.

Michael Hughes
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Michael Hughes

Michael Hughes, the Cityscape Chronicler, is a passionate urban enthusiast and storyteller with a knack for capturing the essence of city life. Through vivid narratives and captivating imagery, Michael shares the pulse, culture, and hidden tales of cities around the world. His site serves as a portal to the diverse and dynamic landscapes of urban environments.

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